History on Bradford Street in Digbeth, Deritend and Bordesley in Birmingham in the county of Warwickshire. Research is augmented with photographs, details of licensees, stories of local folklore, census data, newspaper articles and a genealogy connections section for those studying their family history.


Bradford Street
Bradford Street

Background Information
Bradford Street is one of the thoroughfares that exemplifies the decline of Birmingham's city centre boozers. At one time Bradford Street had close to twenty watering holes. Today there are just two pubs - the Anchor Inn and the Adam and Eve. The White Swan doesn't really count - historically, it belongs to Birchall Street.

Bordesley Section of Bradford Street [1954]

Bradford Street is named after Henry Bradford. The map extract below is from Thomas Hanson's map drawn in 1778. This highlights Henry Bradford's Warner Fields Estate from the Rea to Bordesley. Warner Street marked the limit of the estate. Note how at the other end of the estate Bradford Street ends at the river - the watercourse not only represented a physical barrier but marked the limit of both the estate and the parish boundary.

Extract from Thomas Hanson's map of Birmingham dated 1778

The estate lay in Aston whereas the other side of the Rea was in Birmingham and largely owned by Sir Thomas Gooch of Benacre Hall in Suffolk. Henry Bradford, on the other hand, lived on the land he owned. His residence was situated up towards Bordesley close to the adjoining Ravenhurst Estate.

Henry's son, Samuel is known for his plan of Birmingham drawn in 1751. The son of Yeoman Francis Bedford of Wigginshill, Sutton Coldfield, Henry Bradford was a Quaker timber merchant. Born on October 29th 1698, he first lived at The Square in Ashted when he made Birmingham his home. However, he moved out to the Warner Fields Estate which he had inherited from his mother Hannah Fentham.

Bradford Street by Phyllis Nicklin [1960]

Samuel Bradford was born on April 11th 1725 and became a surveyor. His plan of the Ravenhurst Estate is his first known work. Land along Bradford Street was donated by Henry Bradford in 1767 to anyone willing to establish a trade there. In August of that year he advertised in Aris's Gazette: "To be given gratis, some free land pleasantly situated for building on, in Bradford Street.......to any person that will build upon the said land and carry on a considerable trade there". A bridge was built in the late 18th century and later repaired with funds raised from the turnpike along Digbeth and Deritend. This, along with the infilling of the mill streams, facilitated the development of Bradford Street up to Moat Lane and Smithfield Street.
All text and images Copyright - click here for more information.

Related Newspaper Articles
"In Birmingham, we briefly alluded to the disastrous flood at this town, in our last Courier. The first indication of the flood was observed about ten o'clock on Thursday morning, when the River Rea rose suddenly much beyond its usual level. The current was very rapid, but still, there being no obstruction, it was supposed the water would pass off the usual way. The river, however, gradually continued to swell, and about five o'clock in the afternoon a sudden and overwhelming stream rushed through the flat grounds on the left side of Vaughton's Hole, and inundated the thoroughfares leading from Moseley Street through Cheapside and Bradford Street to Digbeth. The water this time had risen about six feet in the river, and was so high that it could not pass freely under the bridge at Deritend. This obstruction considerably swelled the river between that point and Moseley Street, and the momentarily increasing current forced the water over the banks, and completed the inundation of the streets. In Rea Street the passage was entirely stopped by water to the depth, in many places, of nearly four feet; in part of Bradford Street the water was of the same depth, and covered a space nearly two hundred feet in length. The houses were deluged, and not only were the cellars of many of them filled with water, but the lower rooms were also flooded to a depth of nearly three feet, thus greatly damaging the furniture and goods of the inhabitants. The hucksters, provision dealers, and grocers sustained severe losses, their goods being either swept away or irretrievably injured. In several instances barrels of treacle, oil, and other commodities in cellars were stove in, and their contents mingled with the water. At the works of Messrs. Henn and Bradley the water rushed through the gateway into the lower part of the premises, where a great number of women and girls were employed. The machinery was immediately stopped, and the terror amongst the females was indescribable. Numbers of them waded through the rising water, and serious fears were entertained for their safety. A cart was at length procured, and six men having attached themselves to it, the women were safely removed from the premises. At the screw manufactory of Messrs. James, Bradford Street, a considerable loss of property was occasioned by the flood, as was also the case on the premises of Mr. Hill, timber-merchant, and Messrs. Nicklin and Sneath, wire-workers. Mr. Palmer, of the Anchor Inn, sustained very heavy loss. His cellars were completely filled, and about twelve hundred gallons of ale were spoiled, and several barrels of spirits and dozens of wine rendered unfit for use. Fortunately, before the inundation attained its height, Mr. Palmer succeeded in removing a quantity of hops, but had not time to secure his other property. At seven o'clock the violence of the flood was at its height, the whole this part of the town, extending from the waste land near Vaughton's Hole to Moseley Street, Rea Street, Barford Street, Cheapside, Bradford Street, Digbeth, and to near Oxford Street, was covered with water varying in depth, from one to four feet. In Digbeth, Mr. Bayliss of the New Bull's Head; suffered great loss; his cellars were completely filled, barrels carried to and fro, and not less than 100 worth of ale and spirits were destroyed The water penetrated to the premises of the Battery Company, causing some damage, and nearer Deritend Bridge, where there is a footpath below the level of the road, the houses and yards were literally filled with water, and from the Leathern Bottle the people made their escape the upper windows. At the Old Bull's Head the inundation was very destructive, and Mrs. Ferrer, the landlady, has been a considerable sufferer, as has also Mr. Bennett, of the Horse and Groom. At Vaughton's Hole whence the torrent burst forth, the effects were most ruinous. The extensive brick-yard of Mr. Harrison was completely submerged, the machinery swept away, and the clay pits filled; his loss will be very heavy. A substantial wooden bridge opposite the brick yard was also swept away in the course the night. Mr. Brown, the same neighbourhood, has likewise suffered severely from the partial destruction of several newly-erected houses. They were completely filled with water, and their foundations, and those of other houses, are said to have been undermined. The flooding in the parts mentioned was so excessive that all traffic was stopped, and unless by means of waggons, carts, cabs, and horses, ingress to, and egress from the houses was rendered impossible. Considerable sums of money were realised by the carriers, whose charge for each person conveyed varied from one penny to one shilling. Following the outward course of the river where it runs parallel to Heath Mill Lane, or Gibb Street, the end house of a row abutting the stream, and recently erected by Mr. Muddyman, was destroyed, the gable end giving way. The occupants lost the whole of their furniture, which was carried down the stream. A wall thirty feet long and nine inches thick was also swept away, with its embankment. Fortunately no lives were lost, the inmates of the houses providentially escaped before the building gave way. Lower down the river a portion of the abutment of the wooden bridge leading into Floodgate Street was broken down, and from this point to Fazeley Street, walls, pigsties, and outhouses have been much damaged, and in many instances completely demolished. The ground formerly occupied by the old Mill Pool was also partially overflowed, and the whole of the streets in that neighbourhood, from Bordesley Street to Deritend, were more or less flooded. The water appears to have forced itself a passage up the culverts, and broken into the cellars of the houses. the neighbourhood of Little Ann Street, the proprietor of the Swan public house, and Mr. Hudson, of the Woodman, sustained considerable loss from the bursting of barrels, bottles, etc. Perhaps the most alarming spectacle in connection with this catastrophe was that which presented itself in Lawley Street and its vicinity, where the water accumulated vast bodies. From the viaduct over the Liverpool Railway to Garrison Lane, Lower Dartmouth Street, Great Barr Street, a distance of nearly a quarter of a mile, it was almost one sheet of water several feet deep. The danger here was considered exceedingly great, and many instances of a distressing nature occurred to increase the apprehensions of the inhabitants. The working men coming home were unable to reach their houses, and not knowing the fate of their wives and children, were in the most distressed condition. Some of them plunged through the water regardless of consequences, and endeavoured to reach their houses, and many narrowly escaped with their lives. Hundreds of the inhabitants were taken from the windows of their houses in carts before the flood had reached its greatest height; and a gentleman residing in the neighbourhood of the Midland Railway Station, secured his family by means of a boat. So sudden was the accumulation of water, that many mothers were separated from their children for several hours, and, as may be readily supposed, were during that time in the most distressed condition. The landlord of the Viaduct beer-house, in Lawley Street, narrowly escaped while endeavouring to save some of his property. He had succeeded in removing several barrels of ale from his cellar to an apartment at a higher level, when his strength failed him, and he was only saved from drowning by clinging to a corner of the staircase. He was completely exhausted, when someone came to his assistance and dragged him out of the cellar. The Midland Railway station was under water to a considerable extent, and it was not until the floodgates near the spot were cut away by order of Mr. Pigott Smith, the Town Surveyor, and Chief Superintendent Stephens, that the water abated. In the lower part of Saltley, near Aston Park wall, the water accumulated to great extent, and the immense body rushing down the river near this place caused the bursting of a portion of the canal bank. The effect was most extraordinary. Three boats laden with metal were carried into an adjoining meadow, where they are now stranded. The villages in the vicinity of the town, including Harborne and Nineveh, are much flooded, and agricultural operations have been suspended. Various opinions were at first entertained to the cause of the flood. It appears that a considerable volume of water descended from the Lickey Hills, and inundated the fields along the course of the river, but the main cause of the vast overflow is supposed to have originated with the Birmingham and Worcester Canal. The water in the canal had risen considerably during the day, and the officers of the Company found it necessary to relieve the unusual pressure on the embankment by opening the valves at Selly Oak and Edgbaston tunnel, and cutting a short trench in the footpath. The water thus liberated instantly rushed into the adjoining fields, and formed a junction with the River Rea. The destructive element a few minutes forced a channel through the low lands running parallel with the Birmingham road, where it was joined by the branch of the Rea. The Dog Pool speedily became full, and the water ultimately united into one immense sheet on the lands at the back of the Pershore Road, about a mile above Vaughton's Hole. At this spot the flood received a further accession from Bourne Brook, which had swollen to such an extent that the water could not find passage under the ordinary arch. The hedge-row was forced down, and the waters rushed in torrents across the Pershore Road into the river on the opposite side. The three branches of the Rea having thus become united, the whole of the surrounding country was deluged, and the waters forced their way into Birmingham with the disastrous results above detailed."
"The Recent Fearful Floods"
in Leamington Spa Courier : November 20th 1852

Click here to view larger photographs on the website's Facebook pages

"A sad circumstance occurred in a Court in Bradford Street, on Friday night. It seems that in the afternoon of that day, a young girl, fourteen or fifteen years of age, whose name is Mary Starkie, and whose father is a besom maker at Coleshill, came to Birmingham, and went to the house of a widow, Maria Griffiths, who lives in 5 Court, Bradford Street. Having to stay in Birmingham all night, the poor girl got permission from Mrs. Griffiths to sit by her fire. Shortly before three o'clock in the morning, Mrs. Griffiths was awoke by the girl's screams, and running downstairs, found her unfortunate visitor in the yard - one mass of flame. In her endeavours to extinguish them, Mrs. Griffiths had her hands and arms severely burnt. The assistance of the police was immediately had, and the girl was at once taken to the Queen's Hospital. It appears that, falling asleep, a spark or piece of coal caught her thin dress, set it on fire, and with the fatuity usual in such cases, the victim ran out into the yard, in place of throwing herself on the ground. It is said that when examined and dressed at the Hospital, a worse case never presented itself. She was burnt literally from head to foot; and although of course every assistance was rendered her, she died on Saturday afternoon."
"Dreadful Death of a Girl"
in Birmingham Daily Post : February 22nd 1858

"Some few days since, Mr. John Hughes, who is a Maltster in Bradford Street, employed, as we understood, Mr. Edward Latham, auctioneer, etc., of the Coventry Road, to dispose of some pigs for him. This we infer was done in the usual way, but Mr. Hughes said that the price for the pigs was not enough, and he, it is said, fetched the swine back again, and killed them. For this he was summoned by the purchaser before the Magistrates, and had to refund the sum paid for the animals and the costs. Before this, however, Latham, going, as he said, to remonstrate with Mr. Hughes on his conduct in re-taking possession of the swine, was assaulted defendant having inflicted a severe kick upon his person. Today, Mr. Latham, who conducted his own case, summoned Mr. Hughes, for whom Mr. Powell appeared, for the assault, and gave evidence which showed that he had been kicked, etc. by the maltster. Mr. Powell admitted the assault, but said Mr. Latham provoked it, as he refused to leave his client's house when repeatedly requested to do so. The Magistrates having heard the evidence called by Mr. Powell for the defendant, considered the charge fully proved, and said that Mr. Hughes must pay a fine of 40s. and costs, or go to gaol for one month. Defendant, who had been locked up all the preceding night, said he should not pay, and was then removed in custody."
"Singular Case of Assaulting an Auctioneer"
in Birmingham Daily Post : March 5th 1858

"Moses Spink, a chevalier aux dames, alias a bully, appeared at the Guildhall, yesterday, to answer a summons charging him with assaulting Police-constable O'Toole in the execution of his duty, that is to say, while taking into custody, on the 30th ult., two ladies of uneasy virtue who walk Bradford Street. On that occasion Spink released one of the frail fair ones, and the constable having given chase to the intermeddler and failed to catch him, found himself partially in the position of the dog in the fable, who dropped the bone to seize its shadow in the water, for on his return to Bradford Street and his beat he was only able to identify one of the damsels. Spink was fined 10s., with the alternative of a fortnight at the mill. He accepted the alternative - with pleasure, to judge from his looks."
"Assaulting the Police"
in Birmingham Daily Post : March 11th 1858

"William Johns, 18, horse-hair curler, pleaded not guilty to breaking into the house of Edwin Bosworth, in Bradford Street on the morning of the 3rd of January, and stealing two hams. Police-constable Lawless, of the Birmingham police, deposed that on the morning named, he was on duty at the corner of Rea Street: prisoner came from Moseley Street, and went towards Bradford Street. He had a covered basket with him, and witness stopped him. Prisoner said he had two hams, and witness found one in the basket, and the other in a handkerchief under his coat. He said he had them from his brother in Bradford Street and was going with them to his brother in Darwin Street. Witness then took him into custody, and the prisoner became violent, resisted considerably, and struck the witness several times. Cross-examined by the prisoner: Had not hold of you so tight as to nearly suffocate you. Threw you down because you said you would not go any further. Edwin Bosworth deposed that he lived in Bradford Street and on the night of the 2nd of January he went to bed as usual, previously fastening the doors and windows. Next morning, about a quarter to five o'clock, he heard a noise in the house, but did not go down stairs; but when he got up he found the cellar grating open, and the hams gone. Witness identified the hams from the peculiar cutting. Mrs. Bates, a lodger at the house of prosecutor, deposed that about a quarter to six on the morning of the 3rd of January, she found a lighted candle near the cellar stairs, the hams gone, and the cellar grating open. She immediately alarmed the prosecutor. The Jury returned a verdict of guilty, and a previous conviction was proved against the prisoner. He was sentenced to eight years' penal servitude."
"Burglary at Bradford Street"
in Birmingham Daily Post : March 23rd 1858

"Last night [Sunday] about nine o'clock, the watchman on the premises of Mr. Thomas Foxall Griffiths, at the extensive patent tin works, discovered that a fire was raging in the finished goods' department. Messengers were speedily sent to the various offices, and in a very short space of time the engines arrived at the scene of devastation. Water was plentiful, and the respective engines soon brought into play. Fronting Bradford Street a large portion of the roof was in flames, and the top windows were illumined by the glare of light from the burning masses of the roof. Fortunately, within an hour, by the skill and activity of the united fire brigades, the fire was got under, and before 11 o'clock all further mischief and danger had ceased. Of course it is quite impossible to give even a guess at the extent of damage done, but we were told that an immense quantity of finished goods were in the top warehouse, and here the greatest force of the fire existed. As to the origin of the fire, no account to be depended upon can yet be assigned, although there is little doubt but that the fire must have begun some time on Saturday night. We are informed, however, that the men do not light the gas on that evening, and thus additional mystery exists as to the cause of this very serious affair. We believe Mr. Griffiths was insured, but we cannot say to what extent. Within the last few months a new wing in Birchall Street has been aided to the previous very large buildings in Bradford Street and Birchall Street, so that the daily stock of manufactured articles, from the great number of men employed, must be very large. The premises of Mr. Onions, bellows manufacturer, Bradford Street, adjoin those of Mr. Griffiths, and had the flames got the mastery, and caught that building, the damage, from the nature of the stock, must have been immense. We have said there was abundance of water, and fortunately there was but little wind. The police, under Mr. R. A. Stephens, Chief Superintendent, were early on the spot, and helped to keep the vast crowd soon on the spot out of the way of the fire brigade."
"Alarming and Destructive Fire in Bradford Street"
in Birmingham Daily Post : April 19th 1858

"On Sunday night, during the fire at Messrs. Griffiths and Co.'s, Bradford Street, a watch was stolen from the person of Arthur Chatwin, who resides in Aston Street. About one o'clock yesterday, Mrs. Collins, who resides in Bloxwich, whilst in New Street, was robbed of a purse, containing about 2. in gold and silver."
"Pocket Picking"
in Birmingham Daily Post : April 20th 1858

"In our impression of yesterday we gave a few particulars respecting the serious fire which occurred at the manufactory of Messrs. Griffiths and Co., tin plate workers, Bradford Street, on Sunday evening. We are able to add but little to what we have already stated, the origin of the conflagration being at present, and to all appearance, likely to be involved in mystery. The extent of the damage also has not yet been ascertained, though, judging from the debris collected in the department of the premises in which the fire broke out, it must be very considerable. The flames were fortunately confined to the finished goods warehouse, where they were first, discovered by the watchman who was going his usual rounds shortly before nine o'clock; but this was chiefly owing to the exertions of the firemen and the abundant supply of water which was furnished from the mains of the Water Works Company. Singular to relate, no gas was lighted in the whole of the premises on Saturday, nor yet any fire in the part where the alarming casualty occurred, but the indications which are presented by the place itself would tend to show that the fire broke out near the stairs leading to the finished goods warehouse, that they took the direction of the latter probably from the influence of a draught, that the roof and a set of shelves on one side were consumed, and the goods, of which, being Saturday night, there was a great quantity, were either melted or so much damaged as to be useless, except as old metal. We are glad to learn that the build and stock are fully insured. A word of commendation of the men in charge of the fire escape who were speedily on the spot, the police in attendance, and the brigades from the different offices, should not be omitted, inasmuch as to their efficient assistance is doubtless due the preservation of the extensive premises surrounding the warehouse in question from the spread of the flames."
"The Destructive Fire in Bradford Street"
in Birmingham Daily Post : April 20th 1858

Click here to view larger photographs on the website's Facebook pages

"A man named Job Clark, aged forty-one, living in Ravenhurst Street, was yesterday taken to the General Hospital, having sustained a compound fracture of the foot. It appeared that the injured man was engaged, with others, in lifting a mass of iron at a foundry in Bradford Street, when the chain by which it was suspended gave way. The iron fell with a great crash, and before Clark could get out of tile way, a portion of it fell upon his foot, inflicting the injury above named. On arriving at the Hospital, amputation of part of the foot was found to be necessary; the operation was skilfully performed by Mr. Bolton, and the patient is now doing well."
Birmingham Daily Post 14th July 1858

"On Saturday evening last, an inquest was held at the Grand Turk Inn, Ludgate Hill, on the body of Job Clarke, a married man, forty-one years of age, who met with his death under the following sad circumstances. Deceased, a very a steady man, had tor some time been employed in the foundry of Messrs. Abraham Jones and Son, Bradford Street, was at his usual work on Monday, the 12th inst. He and other men in the works were engaged in moving by means of a crane some iron castings of the weight of 1 ton 1 cwt. 8 qrs. As the machine was being turned slowly round with its attached weight, by some means the chain attached to the crane, and holding the mass of iron, gave way [broke]. Deceased being, it is thought, aware of danger, drew back, but stumbled and fell to the ground, and a portion of the descending casting and the broken chain falling upon his foot, crushed the toes and front of the foot in a shocking manner. The unfortunate man was extricated as soon as possible, and conveyed to the General Hospital. Here the case was received by Mr. Joseph Smith, acting house surgeon, in the temporary absence of Mr. W. P. Goodall. The injury to Clarke was found to be of such a character that amputation, after consultation, was determined upon, and the operation was skilfully performed the next day. For some time the patient seemed to be in a fair way to recover, but he had diseased lungs, and gradually sinking under the effects of the disease and the injury he had received, he died on Thursday last. After hearing this testimony, and it not appearing that blame of any kind attached to any one in the foundry, the Jury, under the Coroner's direction, returned a verdict of " Accidental death."
Fatal and Singular Accident at Messrs. Jones's Iron Foundry"
in Birmingham Daily Post : July 14th 1858
All text and images Copyright - click here for more information.

Brummagem Boozers

List of Pubs
Adam and Eve
Anchor Inn
Cup Inn
Boar's Head
Drovers' Arms
Hope and Anchor
King William IV
New Inn
Postage Stamp
Queen's Arms
Royal George
Shepherds' Rest
Warwick Arms
White Swan
White Lion Inn
Woodman Inn

Click here to visit the website's Facebook pages

Genealogy Connections
If you have a genealogy story or query regarding the Digbeth, Deritend and Bordesley areas you can contact me and I will post it here in addition to including your message within the website pages for Birmingham Genealogy.

1950 Advertisement for Mitchell's & Butler's

1875 Plan of Gooch Estate showing Bradford Street Public Houses

Links to other Websites
Aston Brook through Aston Manor
Birmingham City Council
Birmingham Places and Place Names
Carl Chinn Archive
Handsworth History
Ladywood Past and Present
Perry Barr and Beyond
Winson Green to Brookfields

Mikhail Bakunin
"People go to church for the same reasons they go to a tavern: to stupefy themselves, to forget their misery, to imagine themselves, for a few minutes anyway, free and happy.
Mikhail Bakunin

Work in Progress

Newspaper Articles
"This was rather a singular matter, and in a trade point of view has much interest. Messrs. Hopkins and Son, tin-plate workers, Bradford Street, have several apprentices, and amongst these stands out in, as they say, sad pre-eminence, David Hunt, a bold, saucy-looking youth, seventeen years of age. It appeared in evidence that on the preceding Saturday this lad was teasing a boy in the works, named William Tranter, and among other pranks struck him on the elbow to find out where his singing bone was. The lad cried and did not like this punishment, and on the foreman, Mr. John Wood, interfering, and attempting to chastise the offender, young Hunt put himself into a fighting attitude, and actually struck the manager, giving him a black eye, and subsequently picking up a hammer and a file to attack Mr. Wood with again. The manager then went and stated the case to Mr. Hopkins, and the culprit being summoned before him, was so pert, saucy, and even pugnacious, that he offered to fight his master. Incensed and provoked at this, at length Mr. Hopkins, seizing hold of a cane, [gutta percha, the apprentice said.] gave him four or live smart blows with it. This had it would seem the effect of subduing young refractory. But it was but seeming, for he not only summoned Mr. Hopkins for thus "assaulting" him, but employed Mr. Powell to conduct the charge for him. Of course Mr. Powell did his duty in this singular matter, and so we think did Mr. Kynnersley, for he said to the boy, "I think you got no more from your master than you deserved, and I shall dismiss the case." Mr. Hopkins said that Hunt, who had been in the manufactory about three years, was an impudent and most troublesome apprentice."
"A Refractory Apprentice Summoning his Master"
Birmingham Daily Post : December 16th 1857

Ansell's - The Better Beer

"Mr. A. Suckling, Solicitor, applied that a summons might be granted him against Mr. Bennett, proprietor of the Moseley Omnibus, for furious driving. He [Mr. Suckling] was, proceeding along Bradford Street in a cab, and the vehicle was overturned by the omnibus, which was driven down the street at an unusually rapid and dangerous pace. He was thrown out violently and sustained severe injuries, and it was surprising that he escaped with life. The Bench ordered the summons to be issued."
"Application for a Summons"
Birmingham Daily Post : December 22nd 1857

Mitchell's and Butler's Pale Ale

"Last night, at about a quarter past ten o'clock, a very serious accident occurred in Bradford Street. A gentleman, his wife, and son, were proceeding in his own conveyance to his residence at Sparkbrook when a cabman drove his cab violently against them, breaking the "trap" to pieces, and hurling its unfortunate occupants to the ground. The gentleman was merely shaken, and his son much bruised on the face, but it was thought the poor lady was killed. She was carried to an adjoining house, and promptly attended to by Mr. Jordan, surgeon, and through that gentleman's care, and the kind attentions of a gentleman named Miles and his amiable daughters, she was sufficiently restored as to be able to proceed home. The accident occurred, in my humble opinion, in consequence of the cabman having no light fixed to his cab. During the whole time not one policeman was visible."
Letter by Algernon Percy to the editor of the
Birmingham Daily Post 13th October 1858

"John Kean, aged 56, living in a court in Bradford Street, was charged with absconding from the service of his employer, Joseph Newman, of Wrottesley Street, boot and shoe maker, and embezzling the sum of 19s. The prisoner was employed to solicit orders, dispose of the goods, and account for the money. For those services he was paid 3s. per week, and received "his board and tobacco" at the house of the prosecutor. He paid for his own lodgings. On Tuesday he disposed of twelve pairs of children's boots and shoes to Mrs. Turner, of Northwood Street, for which lie received the money in question. He did not return home, but was found the same night drunk at a public house in Bradford Street, near to which he lodged. He was given into the custody of Police-constable Tanner [358], who found 3s. 9d. of the money in his pocket. The prisoner admitted the offence, and I said he could repay the amount. He 'happened to get a little drink,' spent a portion of the money, and lost more. He was committed to the Sessions."
"Charge of Embezzlement" in
Birmingham Daily Post : December 24th 1858

Ansell's Pioneer Bitter

"Elizabeth Morgan [22], a woman of questionable repute, living at 37 Bradford Street, was charged with stealing a purse containing 4.0s.6d. from the person of Henry Rowlatt, 84 Gough Road, architect's pupil. The prosecutor, a well-dressed and very intelligent youth of 17, was running along the Moseley Road to catch a train which leaves the Bordesley Station at a quarter past ten. Being a little tired, he walked for a short distance, when he came up with the prisoner, who politely saluted him, to which he paid no attention, and passed her by. The lady was pressing, followed, and put to him a question to which he returned an indignant negative, whereupon she threw her arms lovingly around his neck, though the hug was not gentle. The youth at once felt in his pockets, and found his purse was gone, but artfully concealing the fact, he graciously responded to her salutation and told her to wait a moment. This disarmed her suspicions and enabled him to search in his pockets to ascertain his loss, and the moment he discovered that his purse was really stolen he accused her of the theft. Her reply was "perhaps, my dear, you have lost it," and thereupon she commenced a minute examination of the surrounding pavement, after which she walked off. Her locomotion was, however, suddenly impeded by being tripped up by the "young gentleman", which gave her a thorough good shaking. This had an excellent effect, and in a trice she meekly handed him over the purse, which on examination, did not contain a halfpenny. Not being disposed to compromise the robbery, he held the woman until the incidental arrival of two gentlemen who advised him to give her in charge, which he accordingly did. Subsequently he found that part of the money was in his purse. The prisoner, in defence, made an unpleasant accusation against the youth, but afterwards recanted, and confessed the robbery. The magistrates highly commended the gallant conduct of the boy, and commented on the odiousness of the prisoner in trying to corrupt one so young. As she had been previously convicted she was committed for three months with hard labour."
Birmingham Daily Mail 18th March 1871

Ansell's Bitter - That's Better

Mitchell's and Butler's Nourishing Stout

Ansell's Triple Gold Light Ale

Work in Progress

Click here to visit Digital Photographic Images

Drinkers by Adriaen Brouwer

Be an Ansell's Bitterman

Ansell's Bitter - That's Better

Ansell's Good Old Mild

Ansell's Nut Brown Ale

Mitchell's and Butler's Black Satin Stout

Mitchell's and Butler's Cape Ale

Ansell's Triple Gold Light Ale

Newspaper Articles
"On Tuesday night, a distressing occurrence took place at the New Street Railway Station, by which a commercial traveller, named Kane, residing in Bradford Street, in this town, lost his life. He had just seen a friend off to Manchester by the eleven o'clock mail, and as soon as the train had started he attempted to cross the line to reach Queen Street. Before he had time to do so, a locomotive emerging from the cast end tunnel, came up at a rapid rate, and although by the whistle, and the voices of two or three porters, Mr. Kane was warmed of the approaching danger, he still endeavoured to reach the opposite platform. The melancholy result was that the unfortunate gentleman was thrown down by the engine, the wheels of which passed over both his legs. Assistance was immediately procured, and Mr. Kane conveyed to the General Hospital; but on arriving at the institution, it was found that life was extinct. The painful news was broken on the following morning to Mrs. Kane, who, with two children, is left to mourn the sad calamity. We understand that the inquest on the body will take place tomorrow."
"Fatal Accident at New Street Railway Station"
Birmingham Daily Post : December 10th 1857

Ansell's Pioneer Pale Ale [c.1940's]

"A fellow named William Jones, described as a horse-hair curier, residing in Charles Henry Street, was placed in the dock on the charge of burglariously breaking into the shop of Mr. Edward Bosworth, Bradford Street, and stealing two hams and other articles, the property of that person. Police-constable Careless stated that whilst on duty about six o'clock on Sunday morning last, he met the prisoner carrying a basket containing the two hams and a golosh. He asked him a few questions as to how be came by them, and whither he was going with them; to which the prisoner replied, in the first place, that he was taking them to his brother's, at Camp Hill, and afterwards that he was taking them to his brother's in Bradford Street. Finding the account he gave of the possession of the property was in other respects unsatisfactory, Careless took the prisoner to the station, and having instituted enquiries, he discovered that Mr. Bosworth's shop had been broken open and robbed, and that the property he had found belonged to that person. Evidence as to the identity of the property found upon the prisoner having been given, he was committed for trial at the next Assizes."
"Burglary in Bradford Street"
Birmingham Daily Post : January 5th 1858

Ansell's Aston Ales

"On Monday evening, about six o'clock, just as the omnibus was leaving the Bull Ring to proceed to Balsall Heath, four well-dressed females, as we are informed, came up to the conductor, and asked the fare to Balsall Heath. After considerable chaffing, they agreed to pay one shilling for the ride, and got into the vehicle, previously paying the money. On arriving about the middle of Bradford Street, two of the females alighted, much to the surprise of the remaining passengers, and on proceeding a short distance further the other two women also got out, and went away. No suspicion had been previously excited as to the quality of the passengers, but in the course of a few minutes one lady passenger discovered that her gold watch, value twenty guineas, was missing, and another lady immediately found that her purse, with its valuable contents, had also disappeared. Much consternation of course resulted, but the thieves were nowhere to be seen."
"The Flight of Time and Money"
Birmingham Daily Post 19th February 1858

Ansell's Tomic Stout [c.1950's]

Click here for more information

Ansell's - Ah The Better Beer

Mitchell's and Butler's Special Ale

Trade Directories
1845 White's Directory
South Side from Moat Row
Samuel Swinburn, Royal Amphitheatre
John Sumner, Coach Spring Maker
John Weel, Shoeing Smith
Samuel Lloyd, Hame & Chain Maker
James Hill, Wheelwright
Thomas Harper, Wood Screw Maker
17 Joseph Dowell, Coach Maker
20 John Wright, Tobacco/Snuff Manufacturer
20 Mrs Sarah Croxford, Dealer in Straw
21 Joseph Cooper, Jeweller
29 Alexander McPherson, Tailor
29 Thomas Jones & Sons, Deritend Foundry
35 Joseph Starkey, House Agent
38-9 James James, Wood Screw Manufacturer
42 George Daft, Butcher
Here Rea Street Intersects....
43 Horton & Grundy, Saddlers Ironmongers
54 William Hill, Wood Turner, Printers' Joiner
55 Edward Nicklin, Wire Drawer, Bit Maker
58 Edmund Latham, Bed & Mattress Manufacturer
Harper & Brookes, Wood Screw Forgers
59 George Clewes Jnr, Beer Retailer
60 John Langford, Windsor Chair Maker
63 & 64 J.Onions, Smiths' Bellows Maker
68 Griffiths and Hopkins, Tin Plate Workers
Here Birchall Street Intersects....
74 Isaac Marshall & Sons, Ironfounders
81 Richard Miles, Maltster
81 John Miles, General Die Sinker
82 Richard Povey, Beer Retailer
85 Thomas Ingram Wells, Horn Button Maker
Here Lombard Street Intersects....
86 Thomas Ellis, Surgeon
87 John Vincent, Shopkeeper
Joseph Field, Ivory and Bone Turner
90 John Corbett, Shopkeeper
Wesleyan Chapel, Rev. Alexander Bell, Minister
Wesleyan Infant School, Mrs. Jane Hall, Mistress
Thomas Brooks, Gents Day School
91 Thomas Howe, Beer Retailer
94 John Smith, Boot and Shoe Maker
96 Mr John Lowe
Here Alcester Street Intersects....
98 William & Samuel Steen, General Merchants
99 James & Joseph Allen, Rope, Twine
     and Bed Manufacturers
102 David Harvey, Butcher
105 William Lashbrook, Tailor
106 John Roberts, Cowkeeper
106 Miss Susannah Roberts, Straw & Tuscan
      Bonnet Maker
108 Misses H. & M. Jones, Ladies' School
110 Mr. Charles Best
111 Thomas Blocker, Glover
113 Thomas Upton, Old White Lion
113 Thomas Upton, Builder
114 Thomas Cox, Manufacturer of Gas Lamps
115 Thomas Miles, Cup Inn
116 Richard Freeman, Shopkeeper
120 Henry Brookes, Copper Plate Manufacturer
124 to 128 Martin Gray & Gray,
      General Japan Manufacturers
129 Miss M. Phillips, Ladies' Seminary
132 Joseph Parsons, Horse Hair Seating
136 Joseph Southall, Shopkeeper
137 William Bethell, Beer Retailer
Here Moseley Road Intersects....
138 William Hodges, Provision Dealer
140 Miss Ann Millward, Straw Bonnet Maker
144 Mrs Mary Horton, Baker
145 Mrs. Elizabeth Cox, Hosier
146 Charles Frederick Green, Artist
147 John Linnett, Schoolmaster
149 William Robert Jobson, Architect & Surveyor
154 Joseph Hulse, Refiner
157 Edward Samuel Haycock, Collector of Rates
159 Simon Reynolds, Venetian Blind Painter
162 Benjamin Moore, Beer Retailer
Here Lowe Street Intersects....
163 Miss Hester Burbidge, Dressmaker
James Thornton & Sons, General Factors
188 Seth Foster, Butcher
194 Mrs Mary Hipkiss
199 Reverend Jospeh Lawton
200 Thomas Mee, Surgeon
201 John Gibbons, Adam and Eve
Here Warner Street Intersects....
209 Thomas Pimley, Boar's Head Inn
214 Edward Titmus, Boot & Shoe Maker
215 William Keith, House and Sign Painter
216 Abel Stokes, Brass Plated Wood Screws
219 Barrett & Hadfield, Wholesale Varnish Maker
221 Mrs S. Smallwood, Iron Square Maker
221 John Smallwood, Malleable Nail Maker
222 Roger Macdonald, Carrier
223 William Everitt, Carpenter
224 John Allen, Builder and Coffin Maker
232 William Morrall, Blind Manufacturer
232 John S. Binns, Plumber etc
233 Joseph John Horton, Surgeon
235 Benjamin Oldnall, Plumber, Painter etc.
236 John Aldous, Beer Retailer
239 John Hardwick, Builder
240 William Jackson, Commercial Traveller
241 Robert Lloyd, Spirit Merchant
242 John Whitworth, Plumber, Painter etc.
243 Boyce the Misses
250 Charles Glover, Baker
252 John Arter, Plasterer
253 Rober Picken, Coach Maker
255 Charles Bikker, Plumber, Painter etc.
258 Mr. Charles James Williams
260 Jeremiah Wright, Cabinet/Venetian Blind Maker
261 Benjamin Cook Jnr, Iron Bedstead Manufacturer
262 Thomas Morgan, Brewer
264 Aaron Jones, Maltster
267 Joseph Underhill, Scale Beam Maker
Thomas Phillips, Engraver and Printer
Benjamin Hayes, Brushmaker
268 Michael Frost Michael, Carcass Butcher
274 John Phillips, Maltster
275 William Hayward, Provision Dealer
Here Birchall Street Intersects....
277 James Pountney, Coal Merchant
278 Harward Vernon, Pawnbroker
280 John Dowler, Gunmaker
283 Thomas Latham, Accountant
283 Joseph Wood, Solicitor
287 & 288 Thomas Francis, Nail & Horn Buttons
289 Richard Brittain & Co. Cabinet Brass Founders
290 John Smart, French & Spring Clog Maker
291 William Wilkinson, Engraver & Printer
295 William Cooper, Brass Wire Manufacturers
254 William Yeomans, Shopkeeper
255 Stephen Brown, Builder & Coffin Maker
256 Joseph Russell, Hairdresser
258 Miss S. Russell, Milliner and Dress Maker
257 Andrew Clarke, Chemist & Druggist
259 Brian Britton, Tailor
260 Mrs. Elizabeth Pritchard, Milliner
261 Edwin Holland, Shopkeeper
Here Rea Street Intersects.....
262 Henry Peake, Anchor
263 Miss M.A. Peake, Straw Bonnet Maker
266 Thomas Beale & William Franks,
      Worsted Spinners & Woolstaplers
267 William Knowles, Boot and Shoe Maker
268 Thomas Seaman, Plumber, Painter etc.
269 Joseph Baldwin, Cabinet Maker
270 Mrs M. Harding, Straw Bonnet Maker
271 Samuel Adams, Veterinary Surgeon
272 Robert Cheesewrlght, Shopkeeper
273 Thomas Tandy, Builder
274 Mr. Benjamin Hall
276 William Sankey, Warwick Arms
276 Sankey and Parrish Horse Dealers
277 Field & Co. Shoeing & Jobbing Smiths
281 William Taylor, Grocer
282 Samuel Briggs, Builder
288 Mrs S. Holland, Straw Bonnet Maker
284 Brooker & Harris, Pawnbrokers
284 William Hickman, Weighing Machine Maker
284 Joseph Tyler, Whip Maker
285 Richard Badham, Stone Mason
286 James Cotton, Japanner
287 John & Frederick Tallis, Publishers
288 John Bailey, Greengrocer
289 Richard Kinman, Beer Retailer
289 Thomas Knight, Portable Desk Make
290 John Dunstan, Shopkeeper
291 Thomas Fellowes, Horse Dealer
291 J. Tabberner Corn Dealer & Seedsman
294 Charles Padmore, White Horse
295 James Shortell, Window Glass
295 George Jenkins, Cooper
296 James Bissell, Iron, Steel, Tin Plate and Metal

1888 Kelly's Directory
South Side from Smithfield
Circus Baptist Chapel
Here is The Gullett
10 George Tharme, Horse Dealer
11 John Gardner & Son, Sausage Machine Makers
12 Edward Smith & Son, Shoeing Forge
13 & 328 Samuel Taylor, Builder
14 Patrick Long, Pig Salesman
15 Arthur Austin, Greengrocer
16 Alfred Sedgwick, Hardware Dealer
17 William Gardside, Carriage Builder
18 William James Lawrence, Fender Manufacturer
19 John Jones, Cattle Salesman
20 Charles Evans, Zinc Maker
21-6 John Marston & Co; Coach Builders
26 John Harkness, Travelling Draper
28 William Henry Manton, Shopkeeper
30 Arthur Taylor, Elastic Fabric Manufacturer
31 Thomas Evans & Co; Wire Manufacturers
31-2 The Deritend Foundry Co.
31-2 Joseph Clifford Barron, Model Maker
31-2 Edward Smith, Fender Maker
31-2 David Bishop, Wood Turner
33 Isaac King, Elastic Stocking Maker
34 Albert Taylor, Shopkeeper
35 Alfred Murliss, Tailor
38 Walter Meaking, Brass Caster
40 Joplin and Miles, Saddlery Manufacturers
42 George Williams, Beer Retailer
Here is Rea Street
44 William Dyke Wilkinson & Co; Photo Frames
54 Fairbank & Co; Timber Merchants
55-7 Lawrie & Bishop, Wire Weavers
64 Roland Scrivner, Trunk Manufacturers
68 Griffiths & Browett, Iron and Tin Plate Workers
Here is Birchall Street
74 Isaac Marshall & Sons, Iron Founders
80 John Powis, Tailor
81 George James & Son, Maltsters
82 Edward Taylor, Beer Retailer
85 Frederick Needham, Clock Manufacturer
Here is Lombard Street
86 James Doubleday, Wholesale Grocer
Here is Bradford Row
Mark Higgins, Boot Repairer (2 Bradford Row)
90 William Moore, Shopkeeper
Wesleyan Chapel
Public Vaccination (Aston Union)
91 Henry Thomas Stainer, Beer Retailer
94 George Morrall, Wire and Zinc Blind Maker
96 Revd.John Peter Dowling [Catholic]
96 Revd.Arthur Henry Villiers [Catholic]
Here is Alcester Street
97 James Ashford Potts, M.B.Surgeon
98 Edward Augustus Taylor, Hardware Merchant
99-101 T. Willcox & Co; Gas Fittings Makers
102 Eli Griffiths & Co; Lamp Manufacturers
105 William Wilkinson, Engravers
105 Samuel George Wheeler, Painter
106 Hiram Wilcox, Builder
107 William Hazlewood, Coal Dealer
108 Mrs Edwards
109 Mrs Parkes
110 Ernest Henry Thompson, Builder
111 Daniel Kent, Tailor
112-3 Charles Mohr, Japanner
114 Thomas Tucker, Brass Founder
115 Cup, William Matthews
116 Edward Knight, Plane Manufacturer
117 Mrs Mary Ann Thorpe, Shopkeeper
118 Mrs Mary Martin, Milk Seller
120 John Matthews, Boot Maker
121 James Bentley, Shopkeeper
123-31 Clement Davies & Co; Bedsteads
132 Hookham & Atkin, Tin Plate Workers
136 John Southall, Shopkeeper
137 Mrs Fanny Gordon, Beer Retailer
Here is Moseley Road
141 George Green
142 Thomas Jeffries
143 Francis Stack
144 George Orton, Baker
147 Thomas Brittain
148 Mrs Alice Jerome, Dressmaker
149 John Gay Braund
150 Revd. Samuel Wythes Martin
151 Thomas Bishop
152 Henry Hatfield
153 Samuel Heynes, Beer Retailer
Here is Broom Street
154 David Farnell
155 Mrs Pill
156 Albert Herridge
157 James Cranmer Gell
158 John Bingley
159 Thomas Hands
160 Miss Lizzie Wier, Dressmaker
161 Thomas Bateman
162 Mrs Turner
Here is Lowe Street
163 Thomas White Edding, Shopkeeper
164 Mrs Foster
165 John Grey
166 John Alexander Hall
167 James Madison, Shoemaker
167 Miss Ann Madison, Dressmaker
168 Charles Edwin Bretland
169 Joseph Garside
170 Charles Hill
171 Walter Thomas Perkins
Here is Camp Hill
North Side
Camp Hill District Postmen's Office
William Cooper Freeman, Overseer
179 Thos. Harris & Co; Perambulator Manufacturers
181 Francis Markley, Painter
182 Mrs Sanders
183 John Hatton
185 Florance Stack
186 Samuel Hackney
187 Richard Jones
188 Luke Corfield, Professor of Music
188 Mrs Jarman
189 Alfred Heritage
190 Joseph Southerton
191 William Ollerenshaw & Co; Contractors
192 John Redfern
193 John Thompson Mills
194 John Brown, Saddletree Maker
194 William Newman, Tin Plate Worker
194 Joseph Faulconbridge & Co; Printers
195 Mrs Facey
196 Thomas Gazy
197 Benjamin Meadows, Goldbeater
198 Frederick Bant
199 Mrs Elizabeth Margetts. Dressmaker
200 William Allen, Shopkeeper
201 Adam and Eve, Mrs Caroline Arnett
Here is Warner Street
202 Alfred John Arnold, Lodging House
203 Mrs Grimes
204 William Jones
205 William Newell Jnr
206 W. Garrad & Co; Brassfounders
209 Boar's Head, William Gullings
210 Luke Nash, Pipe Mount Maker
211 Mrs Ellen Pitt, Dressmaker
213 George Kemp & Co, Tailors
215 Albert Chilcott, Machinist
218-9 Arthur Holden, Varnish & Paint Manufacturer
220 Henderson and Walker, Brassfounders
221 Rogers Brothers, Lamp Manufacturers
222 William H. Macdonald, Van Proprietor
224 Mrs Sarah Ann Walsh, Heavy Steel Toy Mnfr.
225 Harry Holmes Gabb, Commission Agent
226 Nigea Harry Jones
228 Kirby, Beard & Co; Pins and Needles
230 Park Wood Mills Co; Needle Manufacturers
233 Arthur John Ward, Engineer
233 Richard Weaver
235 James Sedgwick, General Dealer
236 William John Ford, Fibre Drafter
237 William Baldwin, Shopkeeper
239 Edward Horton, Chandelier Manufacturer
241 Hiram Willcox
242 Thomas Goodess Higginson, Plumbers
Here is Alcester Street + Pillar Letter Box
245 Mrs Mary Ann Clarke, Pawnbroker
245 Edwin Price, Architect
246 Abraham Webley & Co; Safe Makers
248 Mrs Amelia Anderson, Dressmaker
250 (Back of) Simon John Thwaite, Cloth Sacking
252-4 William Pickin, Coach Builder
255 Ralph Menton Hughes, Builder
256 Griffiths and Egerton, Printers
257 George Haynes, Boot Maker
258 Shelley and May, Coffin Furniture Makers
260 Wright and Harrington, Umbrella Furniture
261 Thomas Harcourt, Lithographer
262-4 James Plater, Invalid Carriage Maker
266 Mrs Sarah Jones, Rope Net Maker
268 Mrs Elizabeth White, Shopkeeper
272 Gibbs and Babbington, Ivory Turners
274 James Sheldon, Beer Retailer
275 William James Cook, Tobacconist
Here is Birchall Street
277 Fred Robert Radford, Shopkeeper
288 Patent Enamel Company, Enamelled Sign Mnfr.
289 William Turner & Sons, Fire Iron Makers
290 Harry Field, Beer Retailer
293 William Cooper, Brass Wire Drawer
299 William Parks, Refreshment Rooms
300 William Wilson, Stationer
301 Joseph Russell, Hairdresser
303 (Back of) Thomas Nock, Chandelier Mnfr.
304 Mrs Emma Rooke, Stay Maker
305 John Parker, Glasscutter
306 Midland Cork Company, Cork Manufacturers
Here is Rea Street
308 Anchor, Thomas Joseph Davies
315 William Crutchley, Plumber
315 William Pountney, Painter
316 Richard Turner, Cabinet Maker
317 Henry William Plante, Carver and Gilder
320 Truman, Hanbury, Buxton & Co; Brewers
320 (Back of) Ebenezer Sheldon, Japanner
320 (Back of) Walker & Bourne, Iron Plate Workers
317 Daniel John Foster, Cattle Salesman
323 Warwick Arms, George Jones
326 Mrs Martha Oakley & Son, Shoeing Smith
Here is Mill Lane
328 & 13 Samuel Taylor, Contractor
328 Thomas Ellis, Wholesale Saddler
329 Joseph Doolan, Pig Salesman
330 William James Lawrence
331 William G. Garnett, Toolmaker
333 John Buckingham, Coach Builder
334 Benjamin Gilbert, Rick Cloth Manufacturers
335 Joseph Kinsley, Truss Maker
335a Edwin Bartlett, Painter
336 George Hathway, Umbrella Maker
337 Mrs Charlotte Langford, Paper Bags
339 Albert Taylor, Corn Merchant
340 Samuel Anderton, Chemist
341 Benwir & Clay, Saddlers & Harness Mnfrs.
342 H. & T. M. Hewitson, Bed Sacking Mnfrs.
343 George Ernest Fletcher, Tinplate Merchant
344 Drovers Arms, John Edward Chambers
Here is Smithfield Street

Ansell's Bittermen - You Can't Beat Em

Ansell's Mild

Click here to visit Digital Photographic Images

Click here to follow on Twitter
Click here to visit the website's Facebook pages

Click here to visit the website's YouTube Channel

Click here for other streets of Birmingham

Click here for The Anchor in Digbeth

Click here for more details

Ansell's Mild

Beer and Pipe Smoker

Ansell's Bittermen - You Can't Beat 'Em

Bar Parlour Stained Glass

Ansell's Brewery

Tap Room Etched Glass


Pub Drinkers between the Wars

Ansell's Bitter

Rural Drinkers outside the Pub

The Young Barmaid by Charles Sillem Lidderdale

Ansell's Advertisement

Davenport's Brummie Brown Ale

Drinking Celebrations

Le Bock by Picasso [1901]

M&B Traditional Cask Ales

Beer is Best

Ansell's Beer Mat

Best Room and Snug

Davenport's Traditionally Brewed Ales

Mitchell's and Butler's Special Ale

Edwardian Barman

Give Me Dare's - The Perfect Beer

Bar Etched Glass

Mitchell's and Butler's Nourishing Stout

Atkinson's Ales

Drinking in the Snug

Mitchell's and Butler's - Good Honest Beer


Davenport's Pale Ale Export Beer

Wartime Drinkers

Dare's Nut Brown Ale

Victorian Barmaid

Atkinson's Punch Stout

Ansell's Special Pale Ale

Click here for more details


Public Bar Stained Glass

Woman Serving Beer

Brewery Buildings