History on the county of Staffordshire. Research is augmented with photographs, details of licensees, stories of local folklore, census data, newspaper articles and a genealogy connections section for those studying their family history.



 

Staffordshire
Staffordshire

Map of Staffordshire
1814 Map of Staffordshire by John Cary

Background Information
Name
The county was first recorded in 1016 when it was known as Staeffordscir. The name of Stafford comes from the Old English 'ford by the landing place' [staeff being landing place].

Topography
Staffordshire is bordered by Cheshire in the north, Derbyshire and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire and Worcestershire to the south, and Shropshire in the west. The hills to the north of the county are a continuation of the Derbyshire moors and, in places, rise to 1,500ft above the River Trent. In-between are some of the most beautiful valleys in the land - the Manifold, Milldale and Dovedale. A wonderfully varied county, the northern part of Staffordshire is known as The Potteries, the middle is dominated by Cannock Chase and the southern part is occupied by the region called The Black Country.

History
Prior to the Roman conquest, the county was occupied and inhabited by the tribes of the Cornavii in the east and the Ordovices in the west. In the 7th and 8th centuries, Staffordshire formed part of the Saxon kingdom of Mercia and was ruled by Penda, a champion of heathenism against Christianity and later by Offa. A cathedral was built at Lichfield in 669 and the see rose to become second only in importance to Canterbury. Lichfield was also the location of Richard II's imprisonment (though he was also held at Pontefract). He escaped by jumping into the castle's moat but was recaptured and carried to his death. In 1459, during the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of Blore Heath ended in defeat for the Lancastrians, despite the Yorkists numbering only half as many men. It was industry that shaped the county of today - The Potteries, the region known also as 'Five Towns' where pottery has been made since the 17th century. Rich coal and iron resources lead to rapid development and industrialisation in the south of the county and earned the region the name of The Black Country. Wool formed the basis of Wolverhampton's earlier wealth - the moorlands to the north of the town were prime sheep pasture.

Landmarks
To the north, the valleys of Dovedale, the Manifold and the Churnet offer some of the loveliest scenery to be found anywhere in England. Cannock Chase is an area of 'outstanding natural beauty.' Conifers, silver birches, heathland and little valleys cover a wide area of countryside that was for centuries a royal hunting forest. Today a large communications tower looks down on the German Military cemetery where the dead of two wars lie buried, including the crew of the first Zeppelin shot down in World War One. To the south, Kinver Edge is a locus for walkers because it is here that three long distance footpaths meet - the Staffordshire Way, the Worcestershire Way and the North Worcestershire Path. The views from here are quite spectacular.

Monuments
Lichfield Cathedral - England's only medieval three-spired cathedral. Tamworth Castle - a Norman castle built on a mound raised in 913 by Ethelfleda, daughter of Alfred the Great, Tutbury Castle - Mary Queen of Scots was twice imprisoned in this fortress built on a steep rock. Chillington Hall - the seat of the Giffard family since the 12th century. Alton Towers - a neo-Gothic mansion that was the home of the Earls of Shrewsbury and now a leisure park attracting over two million visitors every year. Wightwick Manor - a half-timbered manor house built between 1887 and 1893. Eccleshall Castle - the remains of the 13th century castle includes a nine-sided tower. Moseley Old Hall - an Elizabethan house in which Charles II was sheltered following his defeat at the Battle of Worcester. Shugborough Hall - a white colonnaded mansion home of the Anson family, Earls of Lichfield, since the 17th century.
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Trade Directories
1860 List of Public Houses in
Post Office Directory
Abercrombie, J. Sherwin, Gaol road, Stafford
Acorn, J. Allton, Tamworth Street, Lichfield
Acorn, G. Cook, 96 Lower Rushall Street, Walsall
Acorn, W. Hartill, Walsall Road, Willenhall
Acorn, W. Worrall, 55 St. John's St, Wolverhampton
Admiral Serves, E. Finney, Oakamoor, Cheadle
Admiral Rodney, J. Cooper, Pelsall, Walsall
Admiral Rodney, G. Richards, Brewood, Stafford
Albion, Thomas Bennett, Owen Street, Tipton
Albion, J. Bladon, High Street, Longton
Albion, J. Blakeman, Marson Road, Stafford
Albion, Thomas Farr, Old Hall Street, Hanley
Albion, W. Gething, New Street, Rugeley
Albion, W. Hancock, 20 Penkhull St., Newcastle
Albion, J. Munday, Wall Heath, King Swinford
Albion, J. Partridge, Union Street, Willenhall
Albion, G. Perry, Portobello, Wolverhampton
Albion, J. Tonks, Wednesfield, Wolverhampton
Albion, J. Weaver, Wolverhampton Street, Walsall
Alhambra, J. Stirk, 28 Market Street, Wolverhampton
Alma, W. Bird, 307 Paddock Lane, Walsall
American, Mrs. C. Green, 174 Waterloo Rd, Burslem
Anchor, J. Burgess, Dudley Port, Tipton
Anchor, J. Chamberlain, Streethay, Lichfield
Anchor, C. Cockeyne, Upper Brook Street, Rugeley
Anchor, H. Eaton, Glascote, Tamworth
Anchor, G. Godwin, Beacon Street, Lichfield
Anchor, T. Hammersley, Coven, Wolverhampton
Anchor, S. Hill, Brockmoor, Brierley hill
Anchor, R. Lees, Great Chell, Tunstall
Anchor, 3. Lowe, Gnosall, Stafford
Anchor, Mrs. F. Plant, 4 Bridgeman Street, Walsall
Anchor, J. B. Smith, Aldridge, Walsall
Anchor, T. Willitts, Coseley, Bilston
Anchor, T. Woodhouse, Catshill, Walsall
Angel, H. Bailey, Market Street., Lichfield
Angel, T. Bowen, Hall Street, Bilston
Angel, T. Crutchley, Grey Friars Street, Stafford
Angel, J. Elkington, Hall Street, Bilston
Angel, R. Hayes, 24 Park street, Walsall
Angel, W. Hill, Fenton, Stoke-upon-Trent
Angel, F. James, High Street, Cheadle
Angel, J. Marshall, Wednesfield, Wolverhampton
Angel, W. Pidcock, Bank Square, Burton-upon-Trent
Angel, J. N. Platt, Market place, Leek
Angel, G. Rowley, 11 Salop Street, Wolverhampton
Angel, T. Smith, Brewood, Stafford
Angel, J. Warrillow, Market Square, Hanley
Angel, I. White, Bilston Road, Wednesbury
Anglesey Arms, 3. Fox, Ogley Hay, Walsall
Anglesey Arms, H. Higgott, Branstone
Antelope, G. Bromley, Penkhull Street, Newcastle
Antelope, J. Morris, Trinity Street, Hanley
Ash Tree, H. Cowles, Armitage, Rugeley
Ash Tree, T. Thomas, Tividale, Tipton
Bagot Arms, J. Neale, Moore Street, Wolverhampton
Bagot's Arms, J. Tompson, Abbot's Bromley
Baker's Arms, J.Adams, 85 Blue Lane West, Walsall
Bald Buch, E. Maddox, Greenhill, Lichfield
Ball, J. Newey, Wood End, Shenstone, Lichfield
Bull, J. Newman, Burntwood, Lichfield
Ball Court, J. Wallet, Stafford street, Bilston
Ballhaye Tavern, J. Wilson, Ballhaye Green, Leek
Barley Mow, R. Benton, Goscote, Bloxwich
Barley Mow, M.Bradbury, Bloomsbury, W'hampton
Barley Mow, W. Brooke, Piper's Row, W'hampton
Barley Mow, J. Day, Milford, Stafford
Barley Mow, W. Powell, Penn Common
Barley Mom,, W. Wood, 24 Park Street, Burton
Barley Mow, J. Worthington, Broad Street, Stafford
Barrel, Mrs. M. Holmes, Temple Street, Bilston
Barrel, W. P. Pitt, Cannon street, Willenhall
Barrel, H. Smith, 11 Wolverhampton Street, Walsall
Barrel, J. Woodall, Dudley Port, Tipton
Basford Inn, G. Morris, Basford Bank, Stoke
Bassett's Pole, W. Lees, Drayton Bassett
Beacon inn, T. Clarkson, Great Barr, Birmingham
Bear, W. Cooper, Greengate Street, Stafford
Bear, F. Fisher, 186 Horninglow Street, Burton
Bee Hive, J. Bayley, Lower Green, Tipton
Bee Hive, W. Jackson, Walsall wood, Walsall
Bee Hive, P. Light, Bradley, Bilston
Bee Hive, W. G. Masters, Wolverhampton
Bee Hive, J. Perks, Cradley Heath
Bell, J. Aingworth, Trysull
Bell, G. Broadhurst, Broad Street, Hanley
Bell, T. Cowlishaw, 166 Horninglow St. Burton
Bell, G. Dean, Green Hill, Lichfield
Bell, W. Dicken, Anslow, Rolleston, Burton
Bell, W. Glenn, Market Street, Rugeley
Bell, W. Harley, Delph, Brierley Hill
Bell, H. Howell, Horsebrook, Brewood, Stafford
Bell, S. Mason, Spon Lane, West Bromwich
Bell, J. Parkes, High Street, Brierley hill
Bell, J. Pass, Whittington, Lichfield
Bell, J. Pritchard, Church Street, Darlaston
Bell, C. Radford, Colton, Rugeley
Bell, G. A. Roobotham, Barton-under-Needwood
Bell, 3. Sheldon, Walsall Street, Wednesbury
Bell, Mrs. J. Smith, Wolverhampton Street, Bilston
Bell, W. Taylor, High Street, Uttoxeter
Bell, 3. Twist, Bell street, Tipton
Bell, F. Wakelin, Market Place, Willenhall
Bell and Bear, S. Fradley, Hanley
Bell if Bear, H. G. Tennant, High street, Stone
Bell & Dragon, R. Houldcroft, Norton-in-the-Moors
Bennett's Arms, T. Clowes, Dunkirk, Chesterton
Birchill's Tavern, W. Doley, Birchill Street, Walsall
Bird-in-Hand, W. Bradbury,Dividy La. Caverswall
Bird-in-Hand, J. Cadman, High Street, Bilston
Bird-in-Hand, S. Emery, Hassell St., Newcastle
Bird-in-Hand, J. Firm, Oxford Street, Bilston
Bird-in-Hand, J. Fisher, High Street, Portobello
Bird-in-Hand, Samuel Hodgkins, Etruria
Bird-in-Hand, T. Parkes, Cradley Heath
Bird-in-Hand, S. Partridge, Tibberton Terrace, Tipton
Bird-in-Hand, Thomas Price, Dudley Road, Tipton
Bird-in-Hand, T. Robinson, Mill Street, Stafford
Bird-in-Hand, W. Shelley, Sharpley Heath, Stone
Bird-in-Hand, W. Thomas, James Street, Walsall
Bird-in-Hand, B. Wilks, Market Place, Leek
Bird-in-Hand, C. Wood, Great Wyrley, Walsall
Black Boy, J. Clarke, Cobridge, Stoke-upon-Trent
Black Boy, C. Millett, 37 New Street, Walsall
Black Bull, Mrs. E. Taylor, Wedgwood, Norton
Black Cock, Mrs. S. Betts, Blyth Marsh, Stone
Black Cock, J. Critch, Walsall Wood, Walsall
Black Cock, D. Smith, Owen Street, Tipton
Black Cock, J. Towers, Radley Moor, Shenstone
Black Horse, C. Adams, Endon, Leek
Black Horse, T. Adams, Mount Pleasant, Bloxwich
Black Horse, J. Beard, Heaton, Leek
Black Horse, J. Fellows, Skidmore Row, Coseley
Black Horse, 3. Gadsby, Edingale, Tamworth
Black Horse, Mrs. J. Green, Delph, Brierley Hill
Black Horse, T. Jackson, Sodom, Coseley, Bilston
Black Horse, W. Marshall, Stafford St, W'hampton
Black Horse, 3. Oakden, Moor Street, Burton
Black Horse, Mrs. M. Redfern, Marsh Street, Hanley
Black Horse, James Shaw, High Street, Stone
Black Horse, T. Smith, 68 Iron Market, Newcastle
Black Horse, Mrs. M. Tipper, Tape street, Cheadle
Black Horse, J. Warham, Betley, Newcastle-u-Lyme
Black Horse, J. Yates, Old Park Road, Wednesbury
Black Horse, M. Youngs, County Road, Stafford
Black Lion, C. Bloor, Ipstones, Cheadle
Black Lion, Mrs. H. Caton, Queen street, Burslem
Black Lion, T. Newby, Trent Vale, Stoke-upon-Trent
Black Lion, J. Salt, Butterton, Leek
Black Lion, C. Stubbs, Bucknall Road, Hanley
Black Lion, J. Walker, Cheddleton, Leek
Black Swan, G. Dale, Stafford Street, Hanley
Black Swan, E. Mitchell, Sheep Market, Leek
Black Swan, E. Odlum, Sheep Market, Uttoxeter
Black's Head, Miss M. Bradbury, Sutton, Forton
Black's Head, J. Cope, Abbot's Bromley, Rugeley
Black's Head, M. Rutlidge, 75 Lower St. Newcastle
Black's Head, Mrs. E. Salt, Upper Tean, Cheadle
Black's Head, T. West, Market Place, Leek
Blacksmiths' Arms, J, Beardmore, Upper Tean
Blacksmiths' Arms, J. Brundred, Kingsley
Blacksmiths' Arms, J. Tunnicliff, Penkridge
Blacksmiths' Arms, J. Turner, Bradnop, Leek
Blank Tray Makers' Arms, W, Parker, Bilston
Bloomfield, H. Round, Bloomfield, Tipton
Bloomsbury Tavern, J. Shepherd, Church Lane
Blue Ball, T. Bullock, Mill Street, Leek
Blue Ball, A. Duffy, 35 Lower St. Newcastle
Blue Ball, Mrs. F. Stokes, 21 Bilston St. W'hampton
Blue Ball, T. Wood, Thorns, Brierley Hill

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Links to other Websites
Alton Village Website
Amblecote History
Amblecote History Society
Barton Community Website
Bilston Online
Bloxidge Tallygraph
Bobbington Website
Brierley Hill Blog
Burslem Webpages
Burton Mail Online
Cannock Chase
Cheadle Community Website
Cheslyn Hay Local History Society
Clifton Campville Website
Coseley TV
Cradley Heath Speedway

Landor Local History Society

Rowley Regis
Wall Heath Website

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Thomas Campion
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Thomas Campion

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